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4G is the thing of the Past. Welcome, 5G Network!
The world is currently in the grips of a 4G revolution – superfast data services for mobile phones remain in the infant stages, as far as speed and coverage is concerned. However, it is still capable of producing Internet speeds of almost 150Mbps in regions offering dual LTE connections, while LTE-A connections can ramp up that speed to 300Mbps. In fact, by the time the maximum potential of 4G is unlocked, broadband speeds may shoot up to 1Gbps. That is extraordinary on all accounts, especially compared to fixed line broadband speeds, which are not that quick. Considering that you get such blinding speeds with the technology already available, it begs the question – do I need more? The answer is a resounding yes. We’ll go into more details below.
5G: What Is It and How Much Speed it Offers?
5G or the 5th Generation mobile Network that runs under 28 GHz spectrum and boasts up to 38 gbps internet speed. 5G That is the name being applied to the upcoming generation of mobile data connectivity. Once we’ve exhausted every possible avenue to extract more speed out of 4G, that’s when 5G networks will start making their presence felt. True to its name, 5G networks will provide extraordinarily quick broadband speeds. More importantly, it will be capable of performing each and every function you want it to without the risk of any decrease in connection or speed. No matter how many Internet users connect to the network at the same time, there will be no downgrade in the quality of the connection.
On 5G Network, devices connected is capable of sending and receiving data with the speed of 1 – 10 Gigabyte per second (gbps) which knocks down 10 folds 4G networks that can only deliver data for up to 100mbps.
5G networks are going to utilize a new and innovative “high spectrum band” that makes use of a higher frequency signal than the present 4G connections. This new band will boast of lesser congestion than the current generation, which is going to be incredibly useful for the Internet of Things (IoT). But signals need to travel as far, and for that reason, the number of access points needs to be more, and they must be positioned closer to one another.
According to tech experts, the final goal of 5G is to become invisible. Yes, you read it right – invisible. But what does that even mean? Well, 5G is supposed to be a technology that will be just there, like electricity; we simply have to reach out and use it whenever necessary. But that stage of development is still a ways off. But when it does attain that kind of capability, it will allow gadget manufacturers to fully realize the Internet of Things(IoT) as it will always be on, without any breaks, and can easily be tapped into without any geographical restrictions.
5G networks are going to be developed on the basis of system performance, user experiences, business models, improved services, operations, and management. In order to qualify as 5G, a particular connection must meet the following eight criteria –
- Connections ranging from 1 to 10Gbps to end points in the field.
- End-to-end round trip delay of 1 millisecond.
- 1000x bandwidth per unit area.
- A number of connected devices ranging from 10 to 100x.
- Availability in the range of 99.999 percent.
- Network coverage of 100 percent.
- Reduction in the usage of network energy by 90 percent.
- Battery life of up to 10 years for low power, machine-type gadgets.
While the previous generations such as 3G marked a breakthrough for communications, 3G gets a signal from the closest phone tower and is used for different activities, including messaging, data, and phone calls. 4G acts in the same manner as 3G, but comes with a comparatively quicker Internet connection, as well as a lower latency.
When is 5G coming?
5g network release date is expected to be fully available to the masses by the year 2020 and there would be an expected 24 Million devices will use 5g network by the year 2021 [estimattion by ovum]
5G technology trumps 4G in terms of the speed of its delivery, which might range between 10Gbps and 100Gbps. But that is not the most important advantage of 5G. No, what is to be noted here is the latency. Right now, the latency of 4G ranges between 40ms and 60ms, which is low but not strong enough for a real-time response. Activities, such as online multiplayer gaming, need an even lower latency to make sure that when you press a button, the response to the remote server is instantaneous.
- You would be surprised to know that 5G has a prospective ultra-low latency – possibly ranging between 1ms and 10ms. What advantage does this bring to the table? Well, think of it this way – you’re sitting at home and streaming the live feed of a football match taken by a spectator. There will be no perceivable delay and you will be able to see what is taking place on the pitch ahead, even when you switch to an alternative camera angle. That is incredible, no matter which way you look at it.
- Less strain on Network connectivity and manages seamlessly tons of devices connected – As IoT becomes more prevalent, objects and devices will begin to employ smart, connected feature that was not available before. While this will make life easier for you, the bandwidth is going to undergo a tremendous amount of strain. 5G seeks to prevent such a thing from happening; it will have the infrastructure necessary to avoid such a situation. The 5G network will easily adapt to the needs and demands of the users, and so, you will be in a position to allocate greater or lesser bandwidth depending upon the allocation.
- 5G networks will be in a position to serve non-consumer sectors better – However, a few of the applications of a high-capacity, low-latency network have not even been thought of yet. There actually needs to be suitable technology in place to handle 5G networks.
Another significant benefit of 5G technology is the fact that standards and which spectrum bands are going to be reserved for the purpose of deployment of the network will have been agreed globally, by an international panel at the World Radiocommunications Conferences. A 5G-enabled phone in the US, for example, will work on the exact same spectrum band and system as in South Korea, UK, and elsewhere. At least, that is what is being expected.
5G technology is currently in the works, but it will be some time before it actually becomes a reality. In the meantime, development of the 4G network continues in full swings, and there’s a lot to be covered. This decade, at least, belongs to 4G; 5G may reign supreme in the next.
Nokia has started developing devices that work on a 5G Network – that aims to commercialized 5G enabled product in the near future